Biometric passport ”“ S-ID. 41'69 "
Gallery "Bonum Factum"
Swiss Cooperation Office of the Embassy of Switzerland in Uzbekistan.
Music- Sukhrob Nazimov
Art installation - Jahongir Bobokulov
Video art- Abror Sultanov
The identification of a person's face and its emotional perception began with the manifestation of the first beginning of social self-awareness in human society from the time that a person began to add his general observations and conclusions into oral legends. Subsequently, belief in the relationship between appearance and character was first reflected in folklore, in the legends of various sorcerers and fortunetellers, and then in the works of ancient philosophers and writers, becoming a part of generally accepted knowledge.
Considering the face as a carrier of communicative potential, people pay significant attention to the messages on the faces of others.
In the modern world, a person is also identified by his own ID, i.e. a digital name and a "biometric passport".
Everyone has the right to a name: a child acquires such a right from the moment of birth. Meanwhile, the name of a person in the modern world has connections not only with the family, but also with the states of origin or residence. At the same time, states present to a person's name not a semantic, but an identifying meaning, which allows one to uniquely encode and identify a person in communications using automation tools.
One of the important problems faced by developed countries is the problem of illegal migration. States wanted to protect themselves from the entry of unwanted elements, to gain access to the entire travel history of the traveler, which, of course, could not fit on one page in print. Modern technologies came to the rescue - electronic memory chips.
Biometric passport is a state document that certifies the identity and citizenship of the owner when crossing state borders and staying abroad. A biometric passport differs from the usual one in that a special microcircuit is built into it, containing a photograph of the owner, as well as his data: last name, first name, patronymic, date of birth, passport number, date of issue and expiration, as well as any additional information about the owner ... The standards provide for the ability to store special biometric information in a microchip, for example, an iris pattern or fingerprints.
The identification number of a citizen of Uzbekistan is 14 digits with an open formation algorithm: gender and age of birth index, date of birth in the format "ddmyy", area (city) code, citizen's serial number (the number is generated by the counter in accordance with the order of obtaining passports), control numeral.
The pretext for the introduction of biometric documents was the events of September 11, 2001 in the United States; the idea of such documents appearing also appeared in the USA. In 2002, representatives of 188 countries of the world signed the New Orleans Agreement, which recognized face biometrics as the main identification technology for passports and next-generation entry visas.
Thus, the digital display of a person's own name is widely used to identify a person by a submitted document all over the world and in various socio-religious value systems.
The problem of human identification using a universal name that is unambiguously understood in all languages has not been resolved on a global scale today.
Any biological trace of a person with a certain degree of certainty can be faked right now.
The face and hands say a lot about a person's personality, appearance and character. This belief appeared hundreds of years ago.
In the project "Biometric Passport" Victor An examines the relationship between a person's psychological portrait and a photograph that is used for an ID document.
The face and fingerprints for a biometric passport are lines, shapes that give information about the structure of a person, who the person is originally.
The psychological portrait of a person and hands - with all the traces that life left on it, can carry a lot of information about the life, fate and character of its owner and testify to what and, most importantly, how he happened to endure.
Joy and sadness, resentment and anger - each of our emotions is reflected on our face. 22 muscles are responsible for his facial expressions. The ones that work more often form certain facial wrinkles that create a unique "map" of our emotional life. The experiences and way of life are clearly imprinted on the face and hands, which are not counted or read in the biometric passport.